I Ching refers to the oldest of Chinese symbol system, which is used to predict the order of random events. This is basically ancient Chinese classic texts. This textual system defines that the understanding of cosmology and philosophy are fundamental to the cultural beliefs of ancient China. Here cosmology stands on the belief of the vibrant balance between the opposites, the progression of events as the process and the recognition of the inevitability of change.
I Ching is also known as the system of divination, especially in the western beliefs and east Asian cultures.
I Ching and the Universe
It is believed that I Ching is the miniature form of the entire universe. The character ‘I’ used there has three implications : (1) simplicity, (2) transformation and (3) invariability. These are the three principles governing the theory of I Ching.
Simplicity: this is the basic root of all the substances involved in the cosmological plane. According to the law of everything, the basic design of universe is absolutely plain and simple, though sometimes it appears to be complicated.
Transformation: this principle states how the substances are used within the realm of universal plane. It is well accepted that everything in this universe is in ever changing form. Understanding this principle, one can comprehend the basic flexible nature of life and its importance, so that the individual can develop the needed attitude to deal with the multiplicity of varied situations.
Invariability: this principle explains the essence of the substance included in this universe. While it may sound contradictory at the first place, if we compare it to the principle of transformation, but there exists an invariability principle among the dynamism of life, which is governed by a certain rule and does not interact with any dimension including space and time.
Basic Structure of I Ching
The text of the I Ching is comprised of the arrangements of 64 abstract lines. These arrangements are referred to as Hexagrams. Each hexagram is constructed with stacked horizontal lines and the lines are either Yang or Yin. Each of these hexagrams explains the description of the state of process. The hexagram is cast with I Ching divination. At that time, each lines presenting the hexagram is considered to be either dynamic or fixed. The dynamic lines get changed to their opposites, that is, ‘old’ Yang and Yin are converted into ‘young’ Yin and Yang respectively.
There can be a wide number of arrangements for these trigrams and hexagrams. Bagua theory explains the circular arrangement for the trigrams, conventionally printed over the disk or mirror.